Saint Valentine (Latin: Valentinius), officially Saint Valentine of Rome, is a widely recognized third-century Roman saint commemorated on February 14. Saint Velentine is associated since High Middle Ages with a tradition of courtly love. This love began in the ducal and princesly courts of Aquitaine, Provence, Champagne, ducal Burgundy and the Norman Kngdom of Sicily at the end of the eleventh century. This is the experience beetween erotic desire , spiritual attainment that now seems contradictory as "a love at once illicit and morally elevating, passionate and disciplined, humiliating and exalting, human and transcendent.Reth and Scarlet.
The ladies used to give a favor to a knight before going to battle. In Croatia it was the word Kravata, and is coming from the franch word "croata". Around 1635. about 6000 soldiers and knights arrived in Paris as a support to king Louis XIII., among them a lot of soldier from Croatia.
This soldiers had their traditional uniform, and before leaving the Ladies tied a scarf around their
neks. The scarves were made from diferent clothes, from the coarse cloth to the fine cotton and silk cloth. Around 1650. "this Croatian elegant stile" totaly unknown in that time in Europe was accepted on the French court and as a modern clothing detail.
Burt Lancaster and Debora Kerr - From hete to eternity.
But lets return to our Saint Valentine. He was the first bishop in Terni, Umbria, during the pope Victor the first. Burried on the cemetery outside the city walls of Terni. Over his grave during the pope Julius, the first in the 4th century was built the church,. In the XVII. Was built up a chatedral. In Terni chatedral since now a days is guarded his body.
At the latest in the XV. Century this Saint is conected with the festivity of love and lovers.
In the past the rhythm of life goes forward in a connection with a Church feast. No weddings during Christmas and Easter Feast, because they are separate celebration for the whole community. The specialy request was that no noisy celebrations were being hold during the Advent and Lent, but outside this period, and the date is February, 14.
Celebration started in Early Middle Age, first in England and Scotland. and than all over the world.
t is know that in the XVI. Century the young men lefted love note and greetings card on the doorsteps of his Lady. The greeting cards were made very carefully, with lace, and probably they were the first cards ever sent in the history.The old greeks, has a month named Gamelion (from the middle of January to the middle of Febryary), and in that period they celebrated the Holly marriage of Hera and Zeus.
In Ancient Rome on that date was celebratet goddes Junona – rearguard of marriage.
On February, 15 was a date when was celebratet Lupercus, the God of Fertility, and the person also exchanged letters and messages.